12,000 Sitting Ducks
by Franke James
The Upside of Down by Thomas Homer-Dixon
City zoned out on regulation of its propane industry by John Barber, The Globe and Mail, 08/12/08
Explosion that Rocked City could have been far worse by Dr. Thomas S. Axworthy, The Toronto Star, 08/17/08
Wikipedia on The Black Swan
New York City Community Right to Know Press Release by Mayor Bloomberg
PROPANE ACCIDENT VIDEOS 2006-2008
August 10, 2008 Toronto, ON:
Explosion at Sunrise Propane. YouTube video by saejinoh
2007 Tacoma, Washington explosion
A 2007 Tacoma, Washington explosion at the Atlas Castings foundry critically injured the delivery truck driver. The truck carrying 8,000 lb. of propane exploded, igniting an adjacent propane tank at the foundry and sending deadly tank shrapnel in all directions. There were only four injuries in this BLEVE and surprisingly no casualties.
2006 Milwaukee, Wisconsin explosion
December 2006, a large propane explosion at the Falk industrial facility resulted in 47 injuries and three deaths. The Falk Corporation industrial complex, a major industrial employer near downtown Milwaukee, experienced a massive propane gas explosion and fire that completely leveled the facility, spreading detritus for miles around. Several Falk employees recognized the sulfurous smell of leaking gas just before the explosion and were in the midst of an emergency plant evacuation at the time of the tank ruptured. Had managers not called for an evacuation, many more company workers would have perished in the blaze.
Other Major Propane Accidents
1984 Mexico City: Propane storage facility explosion killed more than 500.
1978 Spain: Propane cargo tanker exploded, killing 200 and injuring 100 more.